COVID-19: In these troubled times, NANOVEA devotes necessary resources to maintain all of the essential services you count on. Stay safe!
CONTACT SUPPORT CONTACT US

Category: Profilometer

 

Contour Measurement using Profilometer by NANOVEA

Rubber Tread Contour Measurement

Rubber Tread Contour Measurement

Learn More

 

RUBBER TREAD CONTOUR MEASUREMENT

USING 3D OPTICAL PROFILER

Rubber Tread Contour Measurement - NANOVEA Profiler

Prepared by

ANDREA HERRMANN

INTRODUCTION

Like all materials, rubber’s coefficient of friction is related in part to its surface roughness. In vehicle tire applications, traction with the road is very important. Surface roughness and the tire’s treads both play a role in this. In this study, the rubber surface and tread’s roughness and dimensions are analyzed.

* THE SAMPLE

IMPORTANCE

OF 3D NON-CONTACT PROFILOMETRY

FOR RUBBER STUDIES

Unlike other techniques such as touch probes or interferometry, NANOVEA’s 3D Non-Contact Optical Profilers use axial chromatism to measure nearly any surface. 

The Profiler system’s open staging allows for a wide variety of sample sizes and requires zero sample preparation. Nano through macro range features can be detected during a single scan with zero influence from sample reflectivity or absorption. Plus, these profilers have the advanced ability to measure high surface angles without requiring software manipulation of results.

Easily measure any material: transparent, opaque, specular, diffusive, polished, rough etc. The measurement technique of the NANOVEA 3D Non-Contact Profilers provides an ideal, broad and user friendly capability to maximize surface studies along with the benefits of combined 2D & 3D capability.

MEASUREMENT OBJECTIVE

In this application, we showcase the NANOVEA ST400, a 3D Non-Contact Optical Profiler measuring the surface and treads of a rubber tire.

A sample surface area large enough to represent the entire tire surface was selected at random for this study. 

To quantify the rubber’s characteristics, we used the NANOVEA Ultra 3D analysis software to measure the contour dimensions, depth, roughness and developed area of the surface.

NANOVEA

ST400

ANALYSIS: TIRE TREAD

The 3D View and False Color View of the treads show the value of mapping 3D surface designs. It provides users a straightforward tool to directly observe the size and shape of the treads from different angles. The Advanced Contour Analysis and Step Height Analysis are both extremely powerful tools for measuring precise dimensions of sample shapes and design

ADVANCED CONTOUR ANALYSIS

STEP HEIGHT ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS: RUBBER SURFACE

The rubber surface can be quantified in numerous ways using built-in software tools as shown in the following figures as examples. It can be observed that the surface roughness is 2.688 μm, and the developed area vs. projected area is 9.410 mm² vs. 8.997 mm². This information allows us to examine the relationship between surface finish and the traction of different rubber formulations or even rubber with varying degrees of surface wear.

CONCLUSION

In this application, we have shown how the NANOVEA 3D Non-Contact Optical Profiler can precisely characterize the surface roughness and tread dimensions of rubber.

The data shows a surface roughness of 2.69 ­µm and a developed area of 9.41 mm² with a projected area of 9 mm². Various dimensions and radii of the rubber treads were measured as well.

The information presented in this study can be used to compare the performance of rubber tires with di­fferent tread designs, formulations, or varying degrees of wear. The data shown here represents only a portion of the calculations available in the Ultra 3D analysis software.

LEARN MORE ABOUT OUR INSTRUMENTS

Optical profilers

Mechanical Testers

Tribometers

Lab Services

Fresnel Lens Topography

Fresnel Lens Dimensions Using 3D Profilometry

Learn more

 

FRESNEL LENS

DIMENSIONS USING 3D PROFILOMETRY

Prepared by

Duanjie Li & Benjamin Mell

INTRODUCTION

A lens is an optical device of axial symmetry that transmits and
refracts light. A simple lens consists of a single optical component
for converging or diverging the light. Even though spherical surfaces are not ideal shape for making a lens, they are often used as the simplest shape which glass can be ground and polished to.

A Fresnel lens consists of a series of concentric rings, which are
thin parts of a simple lens with a width as small as a few thousandths of an inch. Fresnel lenses contain a large aperture and short focal length, with a compact design reducing the weight and volume of material required, compared to conventional lenses with the same optical properties. A very small amount of light is lost by absorption due to the thin geometry of the Fresnel lens.

IMPORTANCE OF 3D NON-CONTACT PROFILOMETRY
FOR FRESNEL LENS INSPECTION

Fresnel lenses are extensively employed in the automotive industry, lighthouses, solar energy and optical landing systems for
aircraft carriers. Molding or stamping the lenses out of transparent plastics can make their production cost-effective. Service quality of Fresnel lenses mostly depends on the precision and surface
quality of their concentric ring. Unlike a touch probe technique,
NANOVEA Optical Profilers perform 3D surface measurements
without touching the surface, avoiding the risk of making new
scratches. The Chromatic Light technique is ideal for precise scanning of complex shapes, such as lenses of different geometries.

 

FRESNEL LENS SCHEMATIC

Transparent plastic Fresnel lenses can be manufactured by molding or stamping. Accurate and efficient quality control is critical to reveal defective production molds or stamps. By measuring the height and pitch of the concentric rings, production variations can be detected by comparing the measured values against the specification values given by the manufacturer of the lens.

Precise measurement of the lens profile ensures that the molds or stamps are properly machined to fit manufacturer specifications. Moreover, the stamp could progressively wear out over time, causing it to lose its initial shape. Consistent deviation from the lens manufacturer specification is a positive indication that the mold needs to be replaced.

MEASUREMENT OBJECTIVE

In this application, we showcase NANOVEA ST400, a 3D Non-Contact Profiler with a high-speed sensor, providing comprehensive 3D profile analysis of an optical component of a complex shape.

To demonstrate the remarkable capabilities of our Chromatic Light technology, the contour analysis is performed on a Fresnel lens.

NANOVEA

ST400

The 2.3” x 2.3” acrylic Fresnel lens used for this study consists of 

a series of concentric rings and a complex serrated cross-section profile. 

It has a 1.5” focal length, 2.0” effective size diameter, 

125 grooves per inch, and an index of refraction of 1.49.

The NANOVEA ST400 scan of the Fresnel lens shows a noticeable increase in height of the concentric rings, moving outward from the center.

2D FALSE COLOR

Height Representation

3D VIEW

EXTRACTED PROFILE

PEAK & VALLEY

Dimensional Analysis of the Profile

CONCLUSION

In this application, we have showcased that the NANOVEA ST400 non-contact Optical Profiler accurately measures the surface topography of Fresnel lenses. 

The dimension of the height and pitch can be accurately determined from the complex serrated profile using NANOVEA analysis software. Users can effectively inspect the quality of the production molds or stamps by comparing the ring height and pitch dimensions of manufactured lenses against the ideal ring specification.

The data shown here represents only a portion of the calculations available in the analysis software. 

NANOVEA Optical Profilers measure virtually any surface in fields including Semiconductors, Microelectronics, Solar, Fiber Optics, Automotive, Aerospace, Metallurgy, Machining, Coatings, Pharmaceutical, Biomedical, Environmental and many others.


LEARN MORE ABOUT OUR INSTRUMENTS

Optical Profilers
Mechanical Testers
Tribometers
Lab Services

Pharmaceutical Tablets: Inspecting Roughness Using 3D Profilometers

Pharmaceutical Tablets: Inspecting Roughness using 3D Profilometers

Learn more

 

Pharmaceutical Tablets

Inspecting Roughness using 3d profilometers

Author:

Jocelyn Esparza

Introduction

Pharmaceutical tablets are the most popular medicinal dosage used today. Each tablet is made up by a combination of active substances (the chemicals that produce pharmacological effect) and inactive substances (disintegrant, binder, lubricant, diluent – usually in the form of powder). The active and inactive substances are then compressed or molded into a solid. Then, depending on the manufacturer specifications, the tablets
are either coated or uncoated.

To be effective, tablet coatings need to follow the fine contours of embossed logos or characters on tablets, they need to be stable and sturdy enough to survive handling of the tablet, and they must not cause the tablets to stick to each other during the coating process. Current tablets typically have a polysaccharide and polymer-based coating which include substances like pigments and plasticizers. The two most common types of table coatings are film coatings and sugar coating. Compared to sugar coatings, film coatings are less bulky, more durable, and are less time-consuming to prepare and apply. However, film coatings have more difficulty hiding tablet appearance.

Tablet coatings are essential for moisture protection, masking the taste of the ingredients, and making the tablets easier to swallow. More importantly, the tablet coating controls the location and the rate in which the drug is released.

MEASUREMENT OBJECTIVE

In this application, we use the NANOVEA Optical Profiler and advanced Mountains software to measure and quantify the topography of various name brand pressed pills (1 coated and 2 uncoated) to compare their surface roughness.

It is assumed that Advil (coated) will have the lowest surface roughness due to the protective coating it has.

NANOVEA

HS2000

Test Conditions

Three batches of name brand pharmaceutical pressed tablets were scanned with the Nanovea HS2000
using High-Speed Line Sensor to measure various surface roughness parameters according to ISO 25178.

Scan Area

2 x 2 mm

Lateral Scan Resolution

5 x 5 μm

Scan Time

4 sec

Samples

Results & Discussion

After scanning the tablets, a surface roughness study was conducted with the advanced Mountains analysis software to calculate the surface average, root-mean-square, and maximum height of each tablet.

The calculated values support the assumption that Advil has a lower surface roughness due to the protective coating encasing its ingredients. Tylenol shows to have the highest surface roughness out of all three measured tablets.

A 2D and 3D height map of each tablet’s surface topography was produced which show the height distributions measured. One out of the five tablets were selected to represent the height maps for each brand. These height maps make a great tool for visual detection of outlying surface features such as pits or peaks.

Conclusion

In this study, we analyzed and compared the surface roughness of three name brand pressed pharmaceutical pills: Advil, Tylenol, and Excedrin. Advil proved to have the lowest average surface roughness. This can be attributed to the presence of the orange coating incasing the drug. In contrast, both Excedrin and Tylenol lack coatings, however, their surface roughness still differ from each other. Tylenol proved to have the highest average surface roughness out of all the tablets studied.

Using the NANOVEA HS2000 with High-Speed Line Sensor, we were able to measure 5 tablets in less than 1 minute. This can prove to be useful for quality control testing of hundreds of pills in a production today.

LEARN MORE ABOUT OUR INSTRUMENTS

Profilometer
Mechanical Tester
Tribometer
Lab Services

Quality Analysis on Electrical Discharge Machined Metals

Electrical discharge machining, or EDM, is a manufacturing process that removes material via electrical
discharges [1]. This machining process is generally used with conductive metals that would be dicult
to machine with conventional methods.

As with all machining processes, precision and accuracy must be high in order to meet acceptable
tolerance levels. In this application note, the quality of the machined metals will be assessed with a
Nanovea 3D non-contact prolometer.

Click to read!

A Better Look at Paper

Paper has played a large role in information distribution since its invention in the 2nd century [1]. Paper consists of intertwined fibers, typically obtained from trees, that have been dried into thin sheets. As a medium for information storage, paper has allowed the spread of ideas, art, and history over long distances and through passing time.

Today, paper is commonly used for currency, books, toiletries, packaging, and more. Paper is processed in different ways to obtain properties to match their application. For example, the visually appealing, glossy paper from a magazine is different compared to rough, cold-pressed watercolor paper. The method in which paper is produced will affect the surface properties of the paper. This influences how ink (or other medium) will settle onto and appear on the paper. To inspect how different paper processes affect surface properties, Nanovea inspected the roughness and texture of various types of paper by conducting a large area scan with our 3D Non-Contact Profilometer.

Click to learn about the Surface Roughness of Paper!

A BETTER Look at Polycarbonate Lens

Polycarbonate lenses are commonly used in many optical applications. Their high impact resistance, low weight, and cheap cost of high-volume production makes them more practical than traditional glass in various applications [1].

Some of these applications require safety (e.g. safety eyewear), complexity (e.g. Fresnel lens) or durability (e.g. traffic light lens) criteria that are difficult to meet without the use of plastics. Its ability to cheaply meet many requirements while maintaining sufficient optical qualities makes plastic lenses stand out in its field. Polycarbonate lenses also have limitations. The main concern for consumers is the ease at which they can be scratched. To compensate for this, extra processes can be carried out to apply an anti-scratch coating.

Nanovea takes a look into some important properties of plastic lens by utilizing our three metrology instruments: Profilometer, Tribometer, and Mechanical Tester.

 

Click to Read More!

Altmann S.A. Importação e Comércio

BRAZIL

Av. Dr. Chucri Zaidan, 1550 Edifício Capital Corporate 17º andar- conjunto 1701
04711-130 – São Paulo – SP – Brazil
+55(11) 2198-7198
P: +55(11) 5507-3302

CONTATE-NOS / CONTACT US

Unitron Instrumentation Tech Pvt. Ltd

INDIA

127, 7th Cross, 4th Main
Wilson Garden,
Bangalore – 560027 India
+91 80 2229 5890
+91 80 2210 3752

CONTACT US / संपर्क करें

Nanovea Inc

HEADQUARTERS

6 Morgan Ste 156
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone: (949) 461-9292

CONTACT US

Please fill out our form and we will reach out to you as soon as possible!

Nanovea de México

LATIN AMERICA

1952 Hidalgo
Colonia Ladron de Guevara
Guadalajara, Jalisco
Mexico 44600
Phone: +52 1 33 10 31 52 27

CONTACT US / CONTÁCTENOS

Nanovea SRL

EUROPEAN OFFICE

Via Balegno 1
Rivalta di Torino
10040 TO (IT)
Phone: +39 011 3052 794

CONTACT US / CONTATTACI

Nanovea SRL

EUROPEAN OFFICE

Via Balegno 1
Rivalta di Torino
10040 TO (IT)
Phone: +39 011 3052 794

CONTACT US / CONTATTACI

Nanovea de México

LATIN AMERICA

1952 Hidalgo
Colonia Ladron de Guevara
Guadalajara, Jalisco
Mexico 44600
Phone: +52 1 33 10 31 52 27

CONTACT US / CONTÁCTENOS

MICRO-NANO Technology Co. Ltd

CHINA | TAIWAN | HONG KONG

• BEIJING
Room 081-082,2/F,Dongqu, Yiqing Building
No 38 Guangqulu
Chaoyang District
Beijing China/100022
+86 10 51649103
Mobile: 15321352298

• SHANGHAI
Room 703, No. 578 Tianbao Road,
Shanghai China
Mobile: 15801657153

CONTACT US / 联系我们 / 聯繫我們

Tribotron AG

SWITZERLAND | AUSTRIA

Lerchenfeldstrasse 3
CH-9014 St.Gallen
+41 71 511 24 65

CONTACT US / KONTAKTIERE UNS

Nanovea de México

LATIN AMERICA

1952 Hidalgo
Colonia Ladron de Guevara
Guadalajara, Jalisco
Mexico 44600
Phone: +52 1 33 10 31 52 27

CONTACT US / CONTÁCTENOS

Mi-Net Technology Ltd. UNITED KINGDOM | IRELAND 30 Summerleaze Road Maidenhead Berks SL6 8EN United Kingdom +44(0) 1628 783576

CONTACT US

Please fill out our form and we will reach out to you as soon as possible!

160-0023

株式会社日本サーマル・コンサルティング

東京都新宿区西新宿1-5-11新宿三葉ビル5F

 

+81(0) 3 5339-1470

問い合わせ / CONTACT US

Nanovea Inc

HEADQUARTERS

6 Morgan Ste 156
Irvine, CA 92618

Phone: (949) 461-9292

CONTACT SUPPORT

Please fill out the form below. We will reach out to you as soon as possible. If it is urgent, feel free to call (949) 461-9292

Мелитэк | Melytec LLC

RUSSIA | BELARUS

34/63 Obrucheva st. bld.26
Moscow, 117342, Russia
+7 (495) 781-07-85

СВЯЖИТЕСЬ С НАМИ / CONTACT US

Nanovea Inc

HEADQUARTERS

6 Morgan Ste 156
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone: (949) 461-9292

CONTACT US

Please fill out our form and we will reach out to you as soon as possible!

Nanovea de México

LATIN AMERICA

1952 Hidalgo
Colonia Ladron de Guevara
Guadalajara, Jalisco
Mexico 44600
Phone: +52 1 33 10 31 52 27

CONTACT US / CONTÁCTENOS

Nanovea SRL

EUROPEAN OFFICE

Via Balegno 1
Rivalta di Torino
10040 TO (IT)
Phone: +39 011 3052 794

CONTACT US / CONTATTACI

Want us to test your samples?

Please fill up our form and we will reach out to you soon!